Brazil is Latin America’s largest country. It covers almost half (47.3%) of South America’s territory, totaling an area equivalent to 8,547,403 square kilometers. It is the world’s fifth largest country, following the Russian Federation, Canada, China, and the United States. Except for a minor number of islands, the Brazilian territory extension is uninterrupted and continuous. The Equator line crosses the northern country, next to Macapá, while the Capricorn Tropic crosses the southern country, next to São Paulo.
Brazil’s east-west territorial extension (4,319.4 km) is almost equivalent to its widest north-south distance (4,397.7 km). Brazil borders with ten countries: the French Guyana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela, and Colombia at north; Uruguay and Argentina at south; and Paraguay, Bolivia, and Peru at west. Ecuador and Chile are the only two countries of South America with which Brazil makes no frontiers. The Atlantic Ocean extends along the entire Brazilian east cost, forming a 7,367-km seacoast.
Portuguese is the mother language, although very different from that spoken in Portugal and other ancient Portuguese colonies. Some people state that currently Brazilians speak “Brazilish”, with a pretty different accent and intonation. A comparison can be made with the English spoken by American and English people: each one has its own regional characteristics. Many Brazilians also speak German and Italian, especially in southern cities, thanks to the influence of colonization.
Few places in the world provide the same welcoming atmosphere to newcomers like Brazil. Over the initial miscegenation basis, a slavery society was then built, which never succeeded in eliminating an already traditional custom and that could be evidenced in the offsprings from white and black people, black and Indians, mulattos and white people, white people and Indians. At Independence time, these people had developed an identity in such a vigorous manner that neither divisions nor internal political disputes could be seen over the country’s territory. On the contrary, the nation was formed based on arrangements that for European eyes – and even for Brazilian ones – often seemed to be absurd, but which, up to these days, still work on an unusual way.
Flight / Travel Statistics
International arrivals increase in May
July 05 2006 – The number of passengers disembarking in Brazil from international flights grew by 3.71% in May compared to the same month in 2005. Infraero information shows that in spite of the crisis in Varig airlines which led to the canceling of some overseas flights, the country continues to be an attractive destination for foreigners.
In the month of May, 508,608 passengers arrived in Brazil on international flights. The accumulated amount for the year so far is almost 2.9 million which is an increase of 1.71% in relation to the result obtained last year.
Figures obtained by the Central Bank show a further increase in the influx of dollars with the foreign tourists. In May of this year, these visitors left 342 million US dollars in the country, an amount 17% higher than in the same month in 2005. The accumulated result for the year so far is already 1.9 billion US dollars, an amount superior to the annual total for any year before 2002.
For more information about Tourism in Brazil: http://www.brasilnetwork.tur.br
Location: Eastern South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean
Population: 169,806,557 (July 1998 est.)
Religions: Roman Catholic (nominal) 70%
Languages: Portuguese (official), Spanish, English, French
Geographic coordinates: 10 00 S, 55 00 W
Map references: South America
Coastline: 7,491 km
contiguous zone: 24 nm
continental shelf: 200 nm
exclusive economic zone: 200 nm
territorial sea: 12 nm
Area—comparative: slightly smaller than the US
Brazil is located in the Southern Hemisphere. Thus, its seasons are opposite to those of the Northern Hemisphere: The below stated seasons apply all across Brazil, however the temperatures shown are based on the north east coast line of Brazil as this is where we sell properties.
* Spring: from September 22, to December 21 (23 to 28 Degrees Centigrade)
* Summer: from December 22 to March 21 (25 to 33 Degrees Centigrade)
* Fall / Autumn: from March 22 to June 21 (23 to 28 Degrees Centigrade)
* Winter: from June 22 to September 21 (23 to 28 Degrees Centigrade)
To view todays weather in ALL Brazilian Cities View Weather in ALL Brazil Cities
total: 8,511,965 sq km
land: 8,456,510 sq km
water: 55,455 sq km
note: includes Arquipelago de Fernando de Noronha, Atol das Rocas, Ilha da Trindade, Ilhas Martin Vaz, and Penedos de Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo
total: 14,691 km
border countries: Argentina 1,224 km, Bolivia 3,400 km, Colombia 1,643 km, French Guiana 673 km, Guyana 1,119 km, Paraguay 1,290 km, Peru 1,560 km, Suriname 597 km, Uruguay 985 km, Venezuela 2,200 km
Terrain: mostly flat to rolling lowlands in north; some plains, hills, mountains, and narrow coastal belt
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
highest point: Pico da Neblina 3,014 m
Natural resources: bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, phosphates, platinum, tin, uranium, petroleum, hydropower, timber
arable land: 5%
permanent crops: 1%
permanent pastures: 22%
forests and woodland: 58%
other: 14% (1993 est.)
Irrigated land: 28,000 sq km (1993 est.)
Environment—current issues: deforestation in Amazon Basin destroys the habitat and endangers the existence of a multitude of plant and animal species indigenous to the area; air and water pollution in Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, and several other large cities; land degradation and water pollution caused by improper mining activities
Environment—international agreements: party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements
Geography—note: largest country in South America; shares common boundaries with every South American country except Chile and Ecuador
For more information visit the UK Brazilian Embassy www.brazil.org.uk