Forestry Investment – The European Ultra Low CO2 Steelmaking (ULCOS) project is currently in its second phase and is looking at the ways biomass may be used to help reduce emissions.
The ULCOS project has been investigating ways to lower the emissions from the steel making industry for the past two and a half years, with the help of 47 partners in 15 European countries.
The researchers have concluded that replacing the use of fossil fuels with biomass from forestry plantations in the tropics is the best option. They are now looking at ways to make the process of turning the biomass into charcoal more environmentally friendly, while investigating the availability of forestry biomass.
The French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development (CIRAD) is helping the project by researching the supply, production and sustainability of woody forestry-related biomass, such as wood chips, wood shavings and other forestry bi-products.
In order to establish where is best to obtain biomass from forestry, each region being considered was rated in terms of socioeconomic and environmental constrains that may effect them between now and 2050. They concluded that the pressure on the land in certain areas in Brazil and in some countries in central Africa is low and that rainfall is high enough to sustain the specific forests needed for biomass production.